7 napak, ki jih naredijo tudi naprednejši govorci angleščine

Tudi ko je naše znanje angleščine na visoki ravni in se lahko tekoče pogovarjamo, se pojavijo jezikovne dileme in napakice, ki se jih sploh ne zavedamo. Prav te napake se pogosto pojavijo tudi pri reševanju mednarodnih izpitov iz angleščine, kot so FCE, CAE in IELTS, opazimo pa jih tudi na tečaju Priprava na maturo.

Preverite, če pravilen odgovor prepoznate takoj.

 

Z Lingulo spregovorite v tujem jeziku tako sproščeno kot v slovenščini!
Odpravite pogoste napake v angleščini.

1. Let's go out for a drink after...

  • Let's go out for a drink after we finish these exercises.  
  • Let's go out for a drink after we will finish these exercises. 

 

Pravilno: Let's go out for a drink after we finish these exercises.  

 

Za prislovi, kot so after, before, if, when, se uporablja present simple tense, četudi govorimo o prihodnjem času.

Primer: When I finish school, I will study medicine.


2. Could you please tell me…

  • Could you please tell me what does ‘splendid’ mean?
  • Could you please tell me what ‘splendid’ means?

 

Pravilno: Could you please tell me what ‘splendid’ means

 

Če želimo tvoriti vljudnejša vprašanja, ki se začnejo s Could you tell me/Do you know/I was wondering…, se besedni red v vprašanju spremeni na enak način kot pri poročanem govoru:
Primer:

  • What is the time?
  • He asked me what time it is.
  • Do you know what time it is?

3. Could ali able to

  • The restaurant was crowded but we were still able to find an empty table.
  • The restaurant was crowded but we could still find an empty table.

 

Pravilno: The restaurant was crowded but we were still able to find an empty table.

 

Can ali able to se lahko izmenično uporabljata, če govorimo o sposobnostih in zmožnostih na splošno. Ko govorimo o sposobnostih v neki določeni situaciji v preteklosti, moramo uporabiti was/were able to.

Primer: Although I twisted my ankle, I was still able to walk down the hill.

 

IZJEMA: Ko želimo povedati, da nečesa nismo mogli narediti v preteklosti, lahko uporabimo tudi glagol could.

Primer: I couldn't /wasn't able to find an empty table because the restaurant was so crowded.

4. As ali like

  • Her new job is not as interesting like her previous one.
  • Her new job is not as interesting as her previous one.

 

Pravilno: Her new job is not as interesting as her previous one.

 

Stvari ali dejavnosti lahko primerjamo s stopnjevanjem pridevnikov (bigger, more interesting than) ali z osnovno obliko pridevnika in veznikom as (as interesting as).

Like se uporablja za primerjavo, ko sledi glagolu to look: She looks like Marilyn Monroe.

5. Can you give me some advices ali advice?

  • Can you give me some advices on where to invest my money?
  • Can you give some advice on where to invest my money?

 

Pravilno: Can you give some advice on where to invest my money?

 

Advice je neštevni samostalnik, ki nima množinske oblike, zato pred njim nikoli ne stoji nedoločni člen a/an. Če želimo poudariti, da gre za en sam nasvet, rečemo a piece of advice.

Podobni samostalniki so: information, accommodation, furniture, luggage, news.

6. Most ali most of?

  • Most of my friends are students now.
  • Most my friends are students now.

 

Pravilno: Most of my friends are students now.

 

Most stoji pred samostalnikom in pomeni večino, most of pa stoji pred svojilnim zaimkom in samostalnikom ter pomeni večino od naštetega.

7. I can’t stand it ali I can’t stand when

  • I can’t stand it when people jump the queue.
  • I can’t stand when people jump the queue.

 

Pravilno: I can’t stand it when people jump the queue.

 

Osebni pogovor z učiteljem

Ste se tuji jezik že učili in bi radi svoje znanje osvežili ter se vključili na tečaj na najprimernejši ravni? Dogovorite se za umestitveni pogovor v živo ali na daljavo, na katerem vam bo učiteljica predlagala najprimernejši tečaj za vas, dobili pa boste tudi konkretno ponudbo za vaš tečaj. Izpolnite kratek obrazec, nam pišite na info@lingula.si ali nas pokličite na 080 23 52.

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