[Preverite] 7 napak v angleščini

Tudi takrat, ko je naše znanje angleščine na visoki ravni in se lahko tekoče pogovarjamo, se pojavijo jezikovne napakice, ki se jih sploh ne zavedamo. Učenje angleščine tako vedno znova zahteva nenehen stik z jezikom oziroma občasen tečaj angleščine.

Preverite, če pravilen odgovor prepoznate takoj. Kateri stavek je pravilen?

 

1. Whose car is it? 

  • This is a car of John.
  • This is John’s car.

 

Pravilno: This is John’s car.

 

Za izražanje svojine pri samostalnikih, ki označujejo živa bitja, dodamo apostrof (’) in s.

  • This is Kate’s cat.
  • I am afraid of my dog’s bad temper.

Predlog of lahko uporabimo pri neživih samostalnikih:

  • The cost of the operation was enormous.

The condition of the goods we received was very poor.


2. Polite questions

  • Can you tell me where is the museum?
  • Can you tell me where the museum is?

 

Pravilno: Can you tell me where the museum is

 

Če želimo zveneti bolj vljudni in prijazni, direktnemu vprašanju dodamo Can you /Could you/Do you mind me asking/I was wondering … Takrat se spremeni besedni red, ki postane enak tistemu v trdilnem stavku:

  • Can you tell me where the museum is?
  • What are you doing? I was wondering what you were doing.

3. Make ali do

  • I have made a terrible mistake.
  • I have done a terrible mistake.

 

Pravilno: I have made a terrible mistake.

 

Pravilna fraza je to make a mistake. Fraze z glagoloma do in make si moramo preprosto zapomniti:

  • DO: housework, the laundry, shopping, homework, business
  • MAKE: breakfast, a reservation, money, friends, a joke, a promise, plans

4. Prefer ali would prefer

  • I would prefer to see a film on TV than go to the cinema tonight.
  • I prefer to see a film on TV than go to the cinema tonight.

 

Pravilno: I would prefer see a film on TV than go to the cinema tonight.

 

Kadar govorimo o naklonjenosti na splošno, uporabimo prefer, če govorimo o preferenci v določeni situaciji, uporabimo would prefer.

5. Million ali millions?

  • There are 2 million residents in Slovenia.
  • There are 2 millions residents in Slovenia.

 

Pravilno: There are 2 million residents in Slovenia.

 

Če uporabimo točno število v vrednosti tisoč, milijon (ali dva milijona) ali milijarda, potem ne dodamo s (3 thousand dollars, 5 billion people).

Kadar je številka zaokrožena (v smislu več milijard, več milijonov), dodamo s (billions of dollars, milions of years).

6. Much ali a lot?

  • I have a lot of free time on my hands.
  • I have much free time on my hands.

 

Pravilno:  I have a lot of time on my hands.

 

Much se uporablja le v nikalnih stavkih, ko povemo, da nečesa nimamo veliko (I don't have much time.) V trdilnih stavkih za izražanje količine pri neštevnih samostalnikih uporabimo a lot (He has a lot of money.), pri števnih samostalnih pa many (He has many brothers.).

7. Day ali days

  • I can't wait for the three-days weekend.
  • I can't wait for the three-day weekend.

 

Pravilno: I can't wait for the three-day weekend.

 

Zloženka iz števila in samostalnika, ki tvori samostojno besedo, je vedno v edninski obliki (five-star hotel, ten-minute break).

Učenje angleščine v Linguli poteka prek pogovora, saj tako spontano neopazno utrjujete strukture in učinkovito širite besedni zaklad, predvsem pa postajate vedno samozavestnejši govorec, priprava na maturo iz angleščine pa je še posebej intenzivne jezikovni tečaj.


Imate vprašanja o učenju angleščine, vas zanima več?

V Linguli prisegamo na pomembnost govora, pogovora in dogovora. Pokličite nas na 080 23 52 ali pa nam pišite na info@lingula.si.

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